A study on knowledge, attitude and practice on child-rearing among parents having children with intellectual disabilities in thrissur district kerala

Jubina Bency A.T., John George., Navya C.J and Saju, C R

Child-rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. In India around 2% has mild level of intellectual disability and 0.5% severe level, In kerala prevalence is around 1%. Intellectual Disability is an important public health issue because of its significant prevalence and the need for extensive support services.A descriptive study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of parents having children with intellectual disabilities regarding child rearing was conducted in special schools in Thrissur district, Kerala.The participants were either of the parents of children aged between 5-15 years. Data collection was done using KAP questionnaire and scoring system done by Ad Hoc classification.Results: Majority of the children were in the age group of 10-15 years with mean age of 11.7 + 2.8.years and among them 61.9 % were males. The mean knowledge score was 7.35 + 1.10, attitude score was 21.31+ 3.96 and practice score was 7.90 + 1.72.CONCLUSION: Parent’s education, occupation and socio economic status had a significant role in determining their child rearing practices which in turn will lead better child development.

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