Study of general quality of life outcome after surgical intervention in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media using glasgow benefit inventory (gbi)-tertiary hospital based study

Author: 
Rauf Ahmad., Jasif Nisar and ARSHED ALI

Background: Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) affects approximately 2% of the population, in South East Asia CSOM has a prevalence of approximately 5.2% in the general populationHearing loss is the world’s most common disability, affecting more than 5% of the global population (360 million people), with over half of these patients resident in low- and middle-income nations. Therefore, it is important to have effective measures of quality of life (QoL) and health status to evaluate the burden of disease and effectiveness of treatments.
Objective: To compare the General-Quality of life at 6 months and 1 year using GBI questionnaires after surgical intervention incase of csom patients.
Materials And Methods: This prospective study was conducted in the department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck, Srinagar.All those patients who were treated at the Department and fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in the study.The measurement of general health-related QOL life was performed using the instrument GBI-Glasgow Benefit Inventory.Data was collected at two times of measurement (TM):at 6,12 months post-operatively using GBI questionnaire.Tympanoplasty,Canal wall-up,canal wall-down mastoidectomy ,and ossicular reconstruction was done.
Results: Our study group comprised of 213 patients with majority of patients 157 (73.70%) were in the age group 18 to 30 years .Of 213 patients 129 (60.56%) were females and 84 (39.43) were males. comparison at 6 months and at 1 year postoperatively using GBI values also showed improvement in total mean, general and social domain.
Conclusion: Based on the observations made in the study,General health related quality of life measured with GBI showed improvement, total as well as sub-scale wise.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijcar.2017.8696.1410