Reverse charge mechanism under gst for goods and services in india

Tharani S and Saleem Ahmed

Generally, the supplier of goods or services is liable to pay GST. However, in specified cases like imports and other notified supplies, the liability may be cast on the recipient under the reverse charge mechanism. Reverse charge means the liability to pay tax is on the recipient of supply of goods or services instead of the supplier of such goods or services in respect of notified categories of supply. From this two things are clear: Firstly, Reverse charge may be applicable in case of supply of notified goods or services or both. Secondly, Reverse charge is also applicable in case of supply by an unregistered person to a registered person, where such supply is of taxable goods or services i.e. exempt supply received from an un-registered person is not covered under reverse charge mechanism. Under normal supplies, where supplier collects the tax from the recipient and deposits the same after adjusting his output tax liability with input tax credits, but under the reverse charge mechanism liability to pay tax on a particular supply is on the recipient of supply. The purpose of this charge is to increase tax compliance and tax revenues. Earlier, the government was unable to collect service tax from various unorganized sectors like goods transport. Compliances and tax collections will therefore be increased through reverse charge mechanism. The concept of reverse charge mechanism is already present in service tax. In GST regime, reverse charge may be applicable for both services as well as goods.

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