Prevalence and factors influencing functional status limitation among elderly in urban area of kurnool city; andhra pradesh

Vijaya Kumari S and Surya Prabha M.L

Background: The number and proportion of elderly persons is increasing, in India, as well as the world. Functional status is an important component of health status of the elderly and its assessment is fundamental aspect in geriatric examination.
Aim: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of functional status limitation and its association with socio-demographic variables among elderly persons in urban area of Kurnool.
Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during November-December 2016 among 200 elderly persons residing in Kurnool city were interviewed using valid and reliable functional assessment scales namely Katz Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Lawton and Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). Statistical procedures for the analyses included descriptive statistics and logistic regression
Results: The prevalence of ADL and IADL activity limitation was 68% and 85% respectively. The prevalence was less among men than women. The prevalence increased with age and those with co-morbidities.
Conclusions: The prevalence of physical disability and functional limitation among elderly appears to be much higher than National level. Associations with socio demographic variables were consistent with other studies.

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