The pattern of viral hepatitis disease in the united arab emirate, dubai: an observational descriptive epidemiological study of data from the dubai statistics center 2008-2015

Author: 
Ibrahim G. Alghamdi

Background: This study describes the pattern of hepatitis cases A, B, and C viruses diagnosed from 2008 to 2015 among citizens and Non-citizens in Dubai, United Arab Emirate. It includes the frequency number of cases, the ratio of incidence rate, and the crude incidence rate (CIR) adjusted by year of diagnosis and nationality.
Methods: This is a retrospective descriptive epidemiological study of hepatitis A, B, and C viruses recorded in the Dubai Statistics Center, from 2008 to 2015. The statistical analyses were conducted using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 20 (SPSS).
Results: A total of 11,454 hepatitis cases were recorded in the Dubai Statistics Center between 2008 and 2015, with an estimated average 1,432 cases per year. The highest overall CIR of hepatitiscases were documented in Non-Emirati, from 2008 to 2015, with an estimated average (62.8) per 100,000 population.While, the lowest overall CIR were observed in Emirati residents in Dubai at (8.2) per 100,000 population.In addition, the overall CIR of hepatitis B virus (40 per 100,000) was higher than the overall CIR of hepatitis B and C virus (19.1, 3.7) among Non-Emirati residents in Dubai. Alternatively, the overall CIR of hepatitis C virus (5.5 per 100,000) was higher than the overall CIR of hepatitis B and A virus (2.3, 0.4) among Emirati residents in Dubai.
Conclusion: This study revealed that there was a notable decreased of the CIR of all hepatitis types in the Emirate of Dubai, during the years 2008 to 2015. The overall CIR of all hepatitis types was higher in Non-Emirati residents in Dubai, than Emirati population. However, further epidemiological studies should be conducted in the Emirate of Dubai to understand the reasons of a high CIR of hepatitis inNon-Emirati population living in Dubai.

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DOI: 
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijcar.2017.4424.0510