Legal culture of fisherman communities in indonesia (studies in cirebon coastal fishing communities in the northern coast of west java, indonesia)

Author: 
EndangSutrisno

This study is based on the perspective of law sociology concerning the povertylines of fishing community in Cirebon Coastal Communities, West Java Indonesia. It emphasizes legal empowerment for the fisherman communities as to help them copewiththeirstruggle in economy problem. The study is aimed at promoting economy empowerment by the on-demand availability of legal assistance.
The study is formulated under some questions undermining the basic legal needs of fisherman communities. First, how the legal culture of fishing communities, which has been formed over the years, can overcome their poverty, and why it needs to be done in the legal empowerment of fisherman communities as a concrete step to reducetheirpoverty. At the end of the study, it aims at examining why legal empowerment needs to be done in the fishing community as a concrete step to reducingfishermenpoverty. At the end of the study aims to describe and explain how is the legal culture of fishing communities that has formed over the years.
This research usesanon-doctrinal approach, it is qualitative or naturalistic research methods which study the interaction between people and environment, try to understand the language and interpretation of the world around. The approach used in this study is a socio-legal approach, so the emphasis in this case is making a description of social reality and law and trying to understand and explaining the logic of logical connection each other.
The study focused on fishing workers and small fishermen or traditional fishermen including ancoandsudu fishermen who do not haveboats,only have the traditional net-shaped tools like nets and mosquito nets, fishermen who have (the means of production ) is a fishing boat owner outboard motors 1 (one) with a size ranging between 0-5 GT (Gross Tonnage), simple design made of wood scattered in the northern coast of West Java, city of Cirebon, which is conditioned by fishermen poverty due to irregular income patterns and more suffused with uncertainty income, have an impact on the crisis situation that makes individual fishermen create legal culture which is apathetic, pessimistic, negative and do not have the ability to give meaning to the rule of law, they are Act 45 of 2009, Law No.31 of 2004, and Act 27 of 2007. So, community empowerment as one of the prerequisites must be done to establish the legal empowerment to form notions, ideas, creative perceptions and constructive culture of positive law.

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