Intoxications with plants in children experience of the pediatric medical emergency department of rabat

Author: 
Elouardighi I., Mekaoui N., Zouiri G., Karboubi L and Benjelloun B

Plants are the cause of many serious poisoning among newborn, they are usually either accidental or secondary to a therapeutic use. This is a retrospective study of poisoning cases, of both plants among children having been admitted to the pediatric medical emergencies (UMP) of the hospital of children of Rabat (HER), between June 2010 and May 2012.the objective of our study is to describe the clinical, the analytical and the therapeutic, socio-demographic characteristics of this type of poisoning. 13 cases of plant poisoning were collected in the service of which 61.5% were male. The age extremes were between 11 months and 14 years with an average age of 6 years and a half. The plants found were:castor beans -Ricinus communis- (3cases), Cade oil (2 cases), Ourioura (1 case), Madragore, peganum harmala, guernina, takaout, Carpobrotus , mushrooms (1 case each), The plant was not recognized in 1 case. Digestive symptoms type of vomiting and diarrhea were found in 38.4% of cases, followed by neurological and neuropsychic manifestations of essentially delirium, hallucinations, atropinic syndrome in 30% of cases. Followed by neurological and neuropsychic manifestations type of essentially delirium, hallucinations, atropinic syndrome in 30% of cases. 15.4% of the cases required a stay in intensive care; all were intoxicated by castor beans. All poisoned patients were reported to the Rabat Poison Control Center and benefited from 24-hour clinical and biological monitoring. Prognosis was good in 84.6%.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijcar.2017.5645.0768