Health and educational problems of children of migrant labourers in chandigarh: a study

Sonam Rohta

Migration is not a new phenomenon in India but it has shaped the country’s social history and patterns of development. The landless poor who mostly belong to lower castes, indigenous communities and economically backward regions constitute the major portion of migrants. Labour migration is characterised by temporary tenure, poor working condition, and at times physical and verbal abuses and human rights violation. Rural-Urban migration is generally a household-level event in which children also migrate with their parents to the destination place. When people migrate to urban areas in search of better opportunities they work hard and endure harsh living and working condition. The impact of migration on children and adolescents must be seen in the broader context of poverty, deprivation, social exclusion and violation of child rights. This paper focuses on the problems faced by migrant labourers and their children especially in the context of their health and education. The study is basically based on primary data collected directly from the respondents but the secondary data is also used for analyzing the information. The paper is an attempt to throw light on the obstacles endured by migrant labourers to provide better living to their children and suggestions have also been recommended to help migrant labourers and their children for having a socially inclusive life.

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