An estimation of glomerular filtration rate in the diagnosis and staging of chronic kidney disease in patients with type2 diabetes mellitus

Author: 
Jeewan Kumar Mitra, Manish Kumar, Binde Kumar

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of morbity. The present study intends to stage chronic kidney disease with reference to estimated GFR in type 2 Diabetes.
Aims and Objective: To assess the risk of developing associated microvascular complications in stages of chronic kidney disease with coexisting risk factors.
Material Methods: This prospective study was conducted on 50 cases of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with chronic kidney disease and 50 normal patients as control. All relevant investigations were done in Departments of Biochemistry, Ophthalmology and Radiology of RIMS, Ranchi.
Results: Out of 50 patients in study group,66% were in stage 4 CKD, 20% in stage 5 and 14% in stage 3 CKD. The risk of diabetic neuropathy was observed to increase as stages of CKD progresses.
Conclusion: The duration of diabetes mellitus showed a strong correlation with progression in the stages of CKD.

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