Dermatophytes from a zoonotic point of view

Author: 
Galia Sheinberg., Camilo Romero., Rafael Heredia., Donovan Casas and Evelyn Galicia

Dermatophytosis or ringworm (tinea) are superficial mycoses caused by a highly specialized group of fungi, which are manifested in a disease characterized by infection of the keratinized tissues, such as the epidermis (skin cornea), hair and nails. These play an important role because of their zoonotic potential, but most of the time this infecting power is minimized, for two reasons: sub-registries in the diagnosis of the disease, and because they do not cause direct mortality in the humans. It is worth mentioning that in recent years there has been an increase in zoophilic types, this due to having animals inside the home. Transmission of dermatophytes can occur by direct contact with infected animals and humans or by indirect contact with contaminated fomites. A specific analysis is required regarding the relevance of this disease, as it is a zoonosis of great clinical importance but totally ignored.

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