Clinical, biological presentation of six cases of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea

Author: 
Zeghdar Moufida., Dahbia Ines Dahmani., Chiha Fouad., Benfetima Zohra and Rouabah Leila

The present study was conducted in order to exploit the association between eating disorders and irregular menstrual cycles that will, ultimately, bone density and expression of the female athlete triad. Methods: six international level footballers, with amenorrhea of three months or more. All participants were asked to record their answers on a standardized questionnaire about their ovarian cycle for the analysis of the disorders of menstrual cycle and food survey in a week to calculate the energy contributions by the BILNUT software. We have also conducted anthropometric measurement in order to measure the fat mass and the meager one. Results: Our results show that the BMI is low <18.5 kg / m2 with an important weight loss in 3 months. Our data show also that 83% of them worry about losing control of what they eat. While, the food survey shows, a food restriction translated by a negative energetic balance sheet (-79.7 Kcal / d).Furthermore, the participants have a high rate of cortisol accompanied by a remarkable decrease above of the normal levels of Oestradiol. Conclusion: Weight loss, with or without a low body mass index associated with a poor perception, her slimming and disorders of monthly cycles must evoke the diagnosis of eating disorder behavior.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijcar.2017.3790.0368