An assessment of hygienic practices among adolescent girls during menstruation in rural areas of aligarh

Author: 
Uzma Eram, Nema Usman and Najam Khalique

Background Menstruation is phenomenons unique to all females.Hygiene related practices of women during menstruation have health impact in terms of increased vulnerability of reproductive tract infections (RTI).

Aims and Objectives The present study was conducted to assess the practices of menstrual hygiene among the adolescent girls.

Material and Methods A cross sectional study was carried out in Rural Health Training Centre, Jawan, attached to the Department of Community Medicine of J.N. Medical College, A.M.U, Aligarh. The study population includes all adolescent girls in the area of age group 13-19 years who had menarche for at least one year at the time of study.A total of 70 adolescent girls in the age group of 13-19 years were included. The study was conducted from March – April, 2016.The data was collected by personal interview on pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires which consisted of specific questions pertaining to practices regarding hygiene during menstruation. The confidentiality of information was assured and their verbal consent was taken before collecting data. The data was analyzed with Microsoft Excel using SPSS software.

Results The present study was conducted in 70 adolescent girls of rural areas in Aligarh. Majority of the girls under study (80 %) do not bath daily during menstruation. 65.7% of them did irregular handwashing.Only 42.8 % did handwashing with soap and water.90 % of the girls under study washed genitalia with water only. 92.8 % of the girls did not have separate bathroom.About 80 % of the girls used 2-3 pads per day.Out of 62 girls, 56.4% of the girls washed the menstrual cloth with soap and water.

Conclusion Majority of the girls have unhygienic practices during menstruation.This may lead to various communicable diseases among them.So proper training and education regarding reproductive health and hygiene should be given by Aaganwadi workers,health workers,family members and teachers to the young girls and it should be included as a part of school curriculum

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