A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program on knowledge regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia among the staff nurse working in intensive care unit in selected hospital

Author: 
V. Hemavathy., Girijabhaskaran and Ramudu S

Nursing is the core activity of any hospitals which play the most important role in brining Quality Care. Commonly tracked indicators are pressure sores, patient falls, intravenous line infection, hand hygiene practices, blood stream infections, urinary tract infections, medication error, ventilator associated pneumonia etc.When patients are on mechanical ventilator, nurses play the vital role in preventing ventilator associated pneumonia by following Universal Precautions. It is the nurses responsibility to see that each and every one follows these precautions who come in contact with their patients. Thus, their role plays an active part in cost effective health care system. The quality of care received by a patient in any hospitals depends on the care given by the nurses of that particular hospital. The quality can be improved if the nurses follow evidence based nursing practices. These practices should be reviewed at set intervals for improvements. Tracking and measuring nursing sensitivity quality indicator will help in setting up the best practices. Thus the present study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia among the staff nurse working in intensive care unit in Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital, Chrompet, Chennai-44. The purpose of the study is to assess the knowledge among staff nurses before and after administering structured teaching programme on prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia, to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching program among staff nurses regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia and to associate the post-test knowledge score with selected demographic variables of staff nurses. The study method was evaluative research approach and a pre experimental one group pre-test and post-test research design was used. Non Randomized sampling technique was used to select the sample. The total sample was 30 staff nurses. Pre- test and post-test scores was assessed by using structured questionnaires. The result of the study concluded that mean and standard deviation of knowledge level score in pre-test was 13.23and 2.29 and post test score was 16.53 and 2.3. the calculated ‘t’value was 16.94 which reveals that there was statistically highly significant difference between the pre test and post test score. It is evidenced that the structured teaching programme was significantly effective in improving knowledge regarding prevention of ventilator associated pneumonia among staff nurses working in intensive care unit.

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