Psychological distress and coping strategies among patients with temporomandibular disorders (tmds)

Kiren J and Karpagam K

Background: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) comprise a series of dysfunction in the temporomandibular joints. Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the psychological and coping strategies among patients with TMDs. Methods and materials: A descriptive design using survey method was used. The study was conducted among patients with temporomandibular disorders attending the clinic in the selected hospital. Data was collected from 30 participants using a questionnaire with demographic profile and questionnaire related to psychological distress and coping strategies. Descriptive statistics was used for data analysis. Results: There were 16(53.3%) of them have recently felt that they are ill and felt constantly under strain and bad tempered, 22(73.3%) have been getting a feeling of tightness or pressure in their heads and lost much sleep over worry recently. With regards to the coping strategies, 19(63.3%) of them kept themselves busy and occupied, 20(66.7%) of them are satisfied with the way they completed their work/tasks, 23(76.7%) were able to enjoy their normal day to day activities. Less than half 13(43.3%) get involved in any recreational or diversional activities. Conclusion: Interventions to improve the coping is very essential to be implemented to improve the behavioural well-being and life style modification of patients with TMDs.

Download PDF: