Production characteristics of sahel and midwest ecotypes of guinea fowls of burkina faso

Kalo OUATTARA., Ollo Chérubin HIEN., Boureima DIARRA., Salomon BOUDA and Gaston Marie Adrien BELEM

The objectives of this study were to assess the production potentials of the ecotypes of guinea fowls of the Sahel and Midwest regions of Burkina Faso.
Therefore, 400 eggs were collected from both regions, sorted and incubated. Ninety (90) individuals of each ecotype were followed for 28 weeks at an agricultural experiment station.
The results showed that the Sahel ecotype has values higher for weight of the collected eggs (41.8 vs. 37.9 g), large diameter (3.9 vs. 3.8 cm), chick hatching weight (27.6 vs. 24.2 g) and live weight at 28 weeks of age (1304.9 vs. 1245.1 g).Daily feed consumption and average daily gain were not significantly different between ecotypes. Age at first oviposition appeared 5 weeks earlier in the Midwest ecotype (17 vs. 22 weeks). Eggs of the Sahel ecotype were relatively heavier (31.0 vs. 30.1 g). Gizzard yield was higher in the Midwest ecotype (1.9 vs. 1.5%). Compare to the Sahel ecotype of guinea fowl, that of the Midwest is characterized by an earlier onset of egg-laying, a weight gains fasterduring the first 20 weeks butslower thereafter.

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