Physicochemical and hptlc analysis of panchavalkal and its substitutes mentioned in himvan agada

Rajeev Ranjan., Parvesh Kumar., Ashish B. Goswami and Umesh Shukla

Ayurveda has grouped the stem bark of five plants viz. Nyagrodha (Ficus bengalensis Linn.), Udumbara (Ficus glomerata Linn.), Ashwatha (Ficus religiosa Linn.), Parisha (Thespesia populnea Soland Ex Correa) and Plaksha (Ficus infectoria Roxb.) as Panchavalkal (Sample A). Interestingly it has been found that there is a mention of the use of Shirish (Albizzia lebbeck Benth.) and Vetasa (Salix caprea Linn.) in place of Udumbara and Parisha in the Panchavalkal (B) identified by Arundatta the commentator of Ashtanga Hrudaya) which belong to different families, genera & species and with different active chemical. Therefore the present study has been planned to comparatively explore and analyze the poly herbal combination Panchavalkal (A) and (B) with different set of herbs by using HPTLC fingerprinting and to further assess their antimicrobial properties. HPTLC finger printing revealed that Few Rf values and their colour (visualization) same which confirms that some ingredients are common in both samples. Antimicrobial activity found to be significant when compared between sample A & B at each concentration with related standard drug ZOIs.

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