Interrelationship between obesity and dental caries- a pilot study

Samyukta S and Gifrina Jeyraj

Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the body mass index and dental caries amongst the out patient population of Saveetha Dental College.
Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which is one of the most common infectious diseases occurring in the oral cavity. It refers to the demineralisation of the tooth by the bacteria. In recent times, due to the change in lifestyle and decrease in physical activity, the incidence of obesity is fast growing. Obesity occurs due to an imbalance in the caloric intake and energy expenditure. The bodies functioning is affected in various ways due to obesity.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted amongst 70 out patients, 35 male and 35 female, visiting saveetha dental college, chennai. The height of the subjects was calculated using a standard inch tape in Centimeters, and the weight was measured using a unicaliberated weighing machine in KiloGrams. The Body Mass Index of the subjects were then calculated using the height and weight. DMFT index was used to assess dental caries status in the subjects. The collected data was then analysed using SPSS software.
Results: There was no relationship between obesity and dental caries.

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