Imaging of intracranial space occupying lesions: a prospective study in a tertiary care centre in northern westran rajasthan

Jagdish Prasad., Deepika Meena., Deepak Meena., Manish Kumar Meena and G L Meena

Introduction: During the last few years, the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a diagnostic tool in neuroradiology is well-established. With advanced MRI techniques such as perfusion, diffusion, and spectroscopy, it is now possible to differentiate between various intracranial lesions.
Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted from October 2015 to June 2016 & included 50 patients referred by various clinical departments with clinical suspicion of intracranial space occupying lesions, evaluated by computed tomography & magnetic resonance imaging. After taking informed consent, a detailed clinical history was recorded of each patient & relevant clinical examination was done.
Result: Out of total 50patients enrolled for study most patients were in age range of 31 – 50 years & the mean age was 42.2 years. 31(62%) patients were male & 19 (38%) patients were females. The main presenting symptoms were headache in 28 patients (56%), loss of consciousness in 16 patients (32%), 6 patients (12%) each were having seizure & vomiting. The most common clinical signs were altered sensorium in 22patients (44%), behavioural changes in 16patients (32%) & visual field defects in 12 patients (24%).
Conclusion: Intracranial space occupying lesions comprise of a diverse group of lesions. With the introduction of CT & MRI scanning, imaging of lesions has acquired a new dimension whereby excellent anatomical detail in axial, sagittal & coronal planes as well as lesion characterization has become possible.

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