Histopathological study of lesions in uterine corpus

Madhu Balaji S., Bhavani K and Dhananjay.S.Kotasthane

Introduction: The uterus is a specialised fibromuscular organ composed of the upper corpus which is muscular and the lower cervix. Since ages various diseases and deformities have affected the female reproductive system.
Aims and Objectives: To study the gross and microscopic appearances of different uterine corpus lesions.To find the occurrence of various neoplastic and non-neoplastic lesions.To analyse the occurrence of uterine corpus lesions with age predilection.To access the types of hysterectomies done for various uterine corpus pathologies.
Materials and methods: The specimens received through resection of uterus reported in MGMCRI in a period starting from November 2015 to May 2017 were studied.
Results: Majority of the uterine corpus lesions were seen among reproductive age group (76.82%). Total abdominal hysterectomy (57.9%) was the most commonly performed surgery. The occurance of myometrial lesions was higher (59%) compared to the endometrial lesions (41%). Non-neoplastic endometrial lesions constitute about 76.4% of the total endometrial lesions while the neoplastic lesions constitute only 23.52%. The occurance of villoglandular variant of endometrioid carcinoma was higher (35%). Adenomyosis (82.1%) was the most common non-neoplastic myometrial lesion. Leiomyoma was the most common myometrial lesion.
Conclusion: This database from our study may help gynecologists to modify their treatment options.

Download PDF: 
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijcar.2017.8604.1391