The effect of foliar fertilizing on the chemical composition of kernels of primorski almond cultivar grown in valandovo

Author: 
Marina Todor Stojanova., Igor Ivanovski., Irena, Stojkova and Monika Stojanova

The effect of foliar fertilizing on the chemical composition of kernels from primorski almond cultivar grown in Valandovo region in the period of 2012 to 2013 was determined. The experiment was set in four variants and three repetitions. The variants were: Control (untreated); NPK+Ever green со Me (55% organic matter, 2% w/w Mg, 2% w/w Fe, 2% w/w Zn, 2% w/w Mn, 0.5 % w/w Cu, 0.5% w/w B); NPK+Biolinfa (34% organic matter 3% N, 5.80% K2O) and NPK+Oligomix (1.20% B, 0.10% Cu, 4% Fe, 1.50% Mn, 0.10% Mo, 2% Zn).

The distance of fruit planting was 4.5 m row by row and 3.5 m in the rows. In each variant and repetition were included 60 plants, and total in all experiment were involved 720. Three foliar treatments were applied with given above fertilizers at a concentration of 0.4%. In the end of the November, soil fertilizing with the fertilizer Polyfeed 11-44-11 in quantity amount of 450 kg ha-1 was done.

Before setting up the experiment, soil agrochemical analyses were made, and was concluded good fertility with nitrogen, medium fertility with phosphorus and potassium. The foliar fertilizing had a positive influence on the chemical composition of almond kernels. The highest average content of nitrogen (4.06%), phosphorus (1.18%), potassium (1.17%) and oils (60.46%) were determined in the kernels from variant NPK+Ever green со Me (55% organic matter, 2% w/w Mg, 2% w/w Fe, 2% w/w Zn, 2% w/w Mn, 0.5 % w/w Cu, 0.5% w/w B).

The highest average content of calcium (0.95%) and magnesium (0.40%) were determined in the kernels from variant NPK+Oligomix (1.20% B, 0.10% Cu, 4% Fe, 1.50% Mn, 0.10% Mo, 2% Zn).

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